The way projects within engineering firms are structured is typically correlated to the engineering firm organization itself (Smith 2008, 221).
One can distinguish through the literature the following organizational structure types/strategies:
Generic organization designs:
There are two main generic engineering organizational structures: a structure based on discipline groupings and individual expertise known as a functional multidisciplinary structure and a structure focusing on projects and nature of works known as divisional structure. A functional multidisciplinary structure for engineering firms is a structure that derives its origin from the principle of grouping specialists under one entity. This leads to departments with specific sets of expertise that will tend to "build on specialist skills and dominate the organization through those functions" (Smith 2008). A divisional structure for engineering firms is in a way a response to what has been challenging with the previous struc...