It is not uncommon that a Work Package includes all information, graphs, data, etc. for a specific project phase. This inclusion of all data, rather than only pertinent data, could have negative consequences when it comes to decision-making. Bloated work packages are more difficult to understand and decrease the ability to make informed decisions.
At any time during and between phases, work packages provide supervisors with the information necessary to make the most effective decisions to keep a project on the best track. For example, before the beginning of construction, supervisors are able to evaluate what materials should be ordered, in what format, and when these should be ordered depending on the ordering of work packages. This ensures that no package starts before materials are ready and no materials are sitting unused.
Work packaging is not a new concept. In various forms, construction projects have always divided the work to be performed into smaller portions planned to achieve main objectives including meeting the schedule and budget. Historically, planners have been distant from the workface and lack this proactive process that enables craft workers to perform their work safely, effectively, and efficiently.
This is accomplished by breaking construction work down (by trade) into discrete work packages that completely describe and cover the scope of work for a given project.
This process theoretically promotes the efficient use of available resources and permits the tracking of progress. It is then important to mention that work packaging differs from traditional practice. In fact, work packaging is a more structured and disciplined process for the planning and execution of the work to be performed in the field by preparing for a constraint-free execution as early as project definition.